We know during the reign of Firoz Shah Tughlaq, Timur invaded India. Timur came in India in 1398 and withdrew from India in 1399. Actually, his invasion delivered a death blow to the Tughlaq Dynasty. After defeating the army of Delhi Sultanate in 1398, Timur appointed Khizr Khan as the ruler of Multan. From here started …

In the last post, we have discussed that the rebel uncle of Ibrahim Lodhi invited Zahiruddin Muhammad Babur in India. Daulat Khan Lodhi wanted to defeat Ibrahim Lodhi with the help of Babur. But, when babur defeated Ibrahim Lodhi in the Battle of Panipat, 1526, he decided to live in India. So, from here the era …

As we have read that Zahiruddin Muhammad Babur established Mughal Empire in India. Babur had four sons. Nasiruddin Muhammad Humayun (the fortunate) succeeded Babur. Humayun was the eldest son of Babur. He had three brothers, Kamran, Askari and Hindal. Humayun divided the empire among his brothers. So, Kabul and Kandahar were under the control of Kamran. And Sambhal and …

Nasiruddin Muhammad Humayun was succeeded by the most important personality of Medieval India. It was the reign of Sher Shah Suri. He defeated Humayun and captured the throne of Mughal Empire. Though he ruled only approximately for 5years. Still, he reign was important for us to read. Reign of Sher Shah Suri Agricultural Reforms Agricultural …

In the last post, we have studied about reign of Humayun and Sher Shah Suri. After the Sher Shah Suri, there was no great ruler of Sur Dynasty. So, Akbar, the son of Humayun recaptured the Empire from Sur Dynasty and re-established Mughal Empire. Reign of Akbar Akbar was one of the greatest monarchs of …

Reign of Jahangir (1605-1627 CE) Badshah Akbar died in 1605 CE, after ruling for 50years. After the death of Akbar, his son Jahangir came to the throne. He was the son of Akbar and Harka Bai. So, he was of both Rajput and Mughal descendent. In 1611, Jahangir married Mehrunnisa alias Nur Jahan (Light of …

We have read that during the reign of Shahjahan, war of succession started. In this was, Aurangzeb defeated all his three brothers and got the throne of Mughal Empire. Though he got the throne after civil war with his own brothers. But the financial condition of Mughal Empire was not good that time. It was …

In the previous post, we have studied about Aurangzeb, the last ruler of Mughal Empire. Though in the actual sense he was not the last ruler because after him we found so many incapable rulers of Mughal Empire. So, one can say that Aurangzeb was the last capable ruler of Mughal Empire. After Aurangzeb, later …

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