Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA)

In the previous post, we have read about the Second Phase of Revolutionary Nationalism in India. Now, in this post, we shall critically evaluate the role of revolutionary leaders in India. We have read that Hindustan Socialist Republican Association came into existence in 1924. So, the leaders or the associates of this group were having influence of communism and socialism.

So, the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association promoted communism and socialism in India.

Hindustan Socialist Republican Association

Promotion of Communism and Socialism in India

Communism was a reaction to the exploitation done by the Capitalism. Actually, with the beginning of Industrial Revolution, the exploitation of workers and labourers was in miserable condition. So, the workers failed to understand the real reason of their sufferings. So, they started destroying industries.

In this, they got the leadership of Luddite and This movement was Luddite Movement. Communism got its prophet in the second half of the 19th century. It was Karl Marx. According to Karl Marx, the section of society which controls means of production is the ruling section. Example,

Marxian Communism
Marxian Communism

Explanation for the Communism: Karl Marx

As the means of production and ruling power is one particular class. So, it naturally leads to exploitation of working class. So, in this situation, Marx appealed to the working class to unite and occupy the political power in the nation. Communism also wanted to end the concept of private property. So, this is a kind of death for Capitalism.

This was because when communism comes, the means of production will come under the control of the people. Therefore they will turn to ruling class and stateless society will be there. But in practicality, Marxian Philosophy was an extreme philosophy, which is generally not accepted by the society. So, this prepared the ground for the socialism.

The associates of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association were having the influence of Marxian Communism because of the Russian Revolution.


According to Socialism, key industries in the nation should be in the hands of the government. The government should play the major role in providing the right to employment and equal opportunity to everyone. So, the communist leaders of the 20th century took the keyword, ‘means of production’, and mould it according to their requirements.

Evaluation of Hindustan Socialist Republican Association

The associates of Hindustan Socialist Republican Association awakened the youth of India. They stood up for the national education, harmony and complete independence. They maintained the stream of Nationalism and Freedom Struggle after the end of Non-Cooperation Movement.

Great Personalities of HSRA
Great Personalities of HSRA

The members of Hindustan Socialist Republican Association were Bhagwati Vohra, Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev, Rajguru, Batukeshwar Dutt, Jatin Das, Chandra Shekhar Azad etc. They all gave some extraordinary contribution to our independence. Without the lobby of Revolutionary Nationalist, our freedom could not be imagined.

The Legends of Hindustan Socialist Republican Association
The Legends of Hindustan Socialist Republican Association

As because of the Communism is the biggest enemy of Capitalism. So, in a short span of time Bhagat Singh, Chandra Shekhar Azad overshadowed the aura of Gandhi. Also, 1925 saw the birth of Communist Party of India. So, this rising Communism became the tension between government and Capitalists.

So, this became the background of coming of Simon Commission in 1927, two years before of its scheduled time. We shall discuss Simon Commission in the next coming post.

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