Yamuna River System: From Yamunotri to Prayagraj

In the previous post, we have studied the Ganges River system. So, in the series of Indian Drainage system, this post is dedicated to the Yamuna River System.

We have known to the fact that the Yamuna is the largest tributary of river Ganges. And the Yamuna river is one of the most sacred rivers of India. So, in this post, we will learn about the river Yamuna and its tributaries.

Yamuna River and its Tributaries
Yamuna River and its Tributaries

Origin of Yamuna

The river Yamuna originates from the Yamunotri Glacier near Banderpoonchh in Uttarakhand (Lower Himalayan region). The river flows along the states Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Delhi and merges with river Ganges in Prayagraj, Uttar Pradesh.

The following rivers are the main tributaries of the river,

  • Chambal
  • Sindh
  • Betwa
  • Ken
Tributaries and sub Tributaries of Yamuna River
Tributaries and sub Tributaries of Yamuna River

The above diagram shows the tributaries of the river. So, now we will exclusively discussion each and every tributary in detail.

Tributaries of Yamuna River


River Chambal is also known as Charmavati. It originates from the Janapav Hills of Vindhyan range in Madhya Pradesh. The river has tourist importance. The Chambal river is famous for Bird watching and Crocodile watching and one interesting fact is, it is also famous for its Dacoits. ?

(So, the detailed knowledge of Chambal will help in Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh Public Service Commission too)

Gandhi Sagar Dam, Rana Pratap Sagar Dam, Jawahar Sagar Dam and the Kota Barrage are constructed on Chambal river.

So, as shown in the diagram above, Banas, Kali Sindh and Parbati are the tributaries of the Chambal river. So, let’s get some gist of the tributaries of Chambal.


Banas is the tributary of the Chambal river. Its entire course is in Rajasthan. The river originates from the Aravali Range in Rajsamand District of Rajasthan.

Kali Sindh

Kali Sindh river flows mainly in Malwa region of Madhya Pradesh. The river joins Chambal river at Sawai Madhopur in Rajasthan.


Parbati river originates from the northern slopes of Vidhyan Range (Madhya Pradesh). The river flows through the Kota and Jhalawar district of Rajasthan.

Origin and Merging point of Yamuna river and its tributaries.
Origin and Merging point of Yamuna river and its tributaries.


Sindh river originates from Malwa Plateau in Vidisha, Madhya Pradesh. The river flows through the districts of Guna, Ashoknagar, Shivpuri, Datia, Gwalior and Bhind in Madhya Pradesh.

So, the river joins the Yamuna river near Etawah in Uttar Pradesh. It flows through two states Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh.


Betwa river also called as Vetravati. It originates from Vidhyan Range, north of Hoshangabad, Madhya Pradesh. It merges with the Yamuna river at Hamirpur in Uttar Pradesh.

Dhasan river is the main tributary of the Betwa river. And Rajghat dam is constructed on the Betwa river.


Ken river originates from the Kaimur hills in Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh. The river merges with Yamuna river near Fatehpur district of Uttar Pradesh.

The Ken river separated Satna Plateau and Rewa Plateau. It also passes through the Panna National Park/ Panna Tiger Reserve.

So, this was all about the Yamuna river system, which is the tributary of river Ganga and a pious river in Hindu Mythology.

In the upcoming post, we will discuss the Indus River system. ?

Thank you so much. Stay Connected. ?