India-Nepal Relationship: Constitutional Differences

In the previous post, we have studied about the relationship of two neighbours, India-Nepal. In this post, we shall carry on our discussion. Now we will understand or read the difference between the Indian and Nepalese Constitution.

Actually, there are some issues related to the constitutional government in Nepal. So, it is very normal though because when some country transforms its governmental practice from Monarchy to Constitutional Government; people and leaders show obvious restrictions. So, there are always issues when there is a paradigm shift in political setup of a country.

India-Nepal: Constitutional Comparison

Here, we will do a comparative study of Indian and Nepalese Constitution,

Constitutional Features



Basic Features Independent, indivisible, sovereign,

Secular, inclusive democratic, socialism-oriented federal democratic republican state

Sovereign, Socialist, Secular, Democratic Republic
National Language All mother tongues spoken in Nepal are National Language of Nepal No National Language though official Language is Hindi according to Article 348 of Indian Constitution
Citizenship Single federal citizenship with federal identity. No specific federal ID(Indian Citizenship)
Sovereignty Nepali People(it is a controversial issue, yet to need discussion) People of India
Rights Recognition Explicit mentioned that women shall have equal rights in ancestral property(Good Feature 🙂 ), LGBT rights recognition. No such explicit rights are mentioned though Equality in Equal circumstances is mentioned in Article 14.
Type of Representations Both proportional and First Past the Post System is present. Only First Past the Post System.
Constitutional Court Independent Judiciary with a constitutional court for 10 years. Independent Judiciary but not Constitutional Court.
Secularism Means protection of Sanatana Dharma, Cow as National Animal and Ban on religious conversion. There are three meanings of Indian Secularism,

1.       Sarv Dharma Sambhava

2.       Dharma Nirpekshta

3.       Protection of Minorities rights.


So, the above table explains the difference between Indian and Nepalese Constitution. Though we have differences, still India-Nepal good relationship is necessary for India. Nepal is strategically important for India. Let’s see how it is. 🙂

Strategical Importance of Nepal for India

Chinese Factor

Nepal is situated between two tigers of Asia. It is a buffer state between China and India. India and China both are the upcoming world powers and have great influence over the world. So, this is the reason Nepal is strategically very important for both China and India.

India being a soft power have cultural relations with Nepal. So, on the other hand, China contributed to all other development activities like road construction, community radio in Terai region, Hydroelectric Plants, Railways etc in Nepal.

So, China can use Nepal for fulfilling Mao’s 5 Finger policy ie Tibet as Palm, Ladakh, Bhutan, Nepal, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh as fingers.

Pakistan Factor

Pakistan sends illegal currency, drug and terrorists in Nepal to do infiltrant activities in India. Very well explained in Baby movie. 🙂 ISI is also opening a Madarsa in Terai region of Nepal which borders India.

So, these all were the concerns of India. In the coming post, we shall discuss more issues related to Internal Security, Energy Security etc in the context of India-Nepal Relationship.

India-Nepal Relationship
India-Nepal Relationship

Thank you so much. 🙂 Stay Connected. 🙂

(Sorry Guys, You may feel that the posts nowadays are not coming as it should come. But there are certain issues and I am working on them and will try to resolve the issues. So, Soon will be back with awesome posts with pictures. Your support and love always encourage me to do better in every post. Soon, we will have awesome posts. Thanks a ton!!!!! 🙂 )