From 1910, Korea became a victim of Japanese Imperialism. Korea was also the investment hub for the United States of America and Japanese capitalists. Along with this Korea shared border with the China and Union of Soviet Socialist Republic. So, it was strategically important for the United States of America. So, both the super powers took joint action against Japanese Imperialism in Korea.
Therefore, the army of both the powers was present in Korea. So, it was not possible for one party to kick out the another. So, they started the game of the 38th parallel. The 38th parallel divided Korea into two parts i.e. North Korea and South Korea.
North Korea/ 38 parallel /South Korea
North Korea came under the command of Union of Soviet Socialist Republic. While South Korea came under the United States of America. The objective was to pull out the Japanese forces organised election and then established the national government in Korea.
In 1948, Union of Soviet Socialist Republic gave the charge of the North Korea to Kim Jong Il and left North Korea. While in 1949, the United States of America gave the charge of South Korea to Syngman Rhee. The large part of Korean population was in South Korea, which had an obvious inclination towards capitalism.
So, the United States of America was confident about its victory in Korea. This caused the pain for Union of Soviet Socialist Republic.
In these circumstances, North Korea attacked South Korea in 1950. And this was the beginning of Korean crisis. Both the powers stood behind their representatives. Now, there was a fear of full-fledged war between both the powers. Due to the active intervention of the United Nations both the parties agreed to peace in 1953.
The conditions of the agreement were that both the Korea’s should unite after bilateral negotiations. It seemed to be challenging in the present scenario because North Korea lacks a responsible government. And from the very beginning, it is under military dictatorship.
In next coming post, we will discuss Cold War in Vietnam.
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