In the previous post, we have read about the India Council Act 1892. Though this act came with many provisions but still it was not as per the demand of the masses. So, once again masses was in trouble and creating trouble for the rulers. So, in this situation Lord Curzon came to the India to deal with the problem.
In this post, we shall read about Lord Curzon and his administrative reforms in India.
Calcutta Municipal Co-operation Act 1899
Lord Ripon gave the gift of Local Self Government to the Indians. So, this gift became a curse for the British Government. Because of the provision of the indirect election in the India Council Act 1892. The Indian members in Local Bodies were inclined towards nationalism ideology.
So, this became the cause of pain for the Britishers. Therefore, Lord Curzon transformed the structure of local self-government by increasing number of official members in it. The declared agenda and hidden agenda was following,
Lord Curzon appointed Fraser Commission in 1902 under the leadership of Andrew Fraser. The objective of this commission was to review the condition of provincial police. The recommendation of the Fraser Commission was that Police Department is inefficient and without discipline. Therefore he took two steps to strengthen provincial police,
- He established Police training institutes.
- Also established a new intellectual/ intelligence department CID.
In this reform also, distinguished declared and hidden agendas.
In the educational reforms, Lord Curzon appointed Rayleigh Commission in 1902. The objective was to review the higher education in India. So, University act of 1904 came in India. The provisions were,
- Increased official members in the Senate of the university.
- Strict Affiliation rules were made. Phenomena of Character Certificate was started from this act.
- The periodic inspection of the university was compulsory.
- The entire decision regarding the affairs of the university was in the hand of government.
Though all the educational reforms have done with some diplomatic purpose. But the declared agenda was always for the benefit of masses.
In the next coming post, we shall read about the Lord Curzon’s economic reforms. Till then, enjoy learning.
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