Indo-Pak War: Kargil War-1999


Friends can change but not neighbours who have to live together”, said Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee. Unfortunately, after partition, India had to live with a hostile neighbour Pakistan. The main reason for animosity between the India and Pakistan is Kashmir. Kargil war is the recent armed conflict between India and Pakistan.


On 11th May 1998, under Operation Shakti, India detonated five nuclear devices at Pokharan, with no-first-use doctrine. After two weeks, Pakistan detonated 6 nuclear devices in Chagai hills. Nuclearisation of two rival states created tension in world politics.

To normalise Indo-Pak relationship, former Indian PM Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee led Bus Diplomacy in February 1999. Under which he himself travelled from Delhi to Lahore by bus to meet his Pakistani counterpart, Nawaz Sharif. The bonhomie between the two political leaders created tension for the Pakistani military power centre.


Pakistani military headquarters planned Operation Badr. In this operation, Pakistani troops violated Shimla agreement and settled down in the bunkers of Indian army with the motive to block the National Highway-1D, which was connecting Srinagar to Leh and Siachen region. They strategically occupied the peaks of Kargil(Tiger Hill), Dras, Mushkoh and Tololing.

Kargil War 1999
Kargil War 1999

The shepherd Tashi Namgyal observed this “Na-Pak” activity of Pakistani troops in the region. He informed about this situation to the Indian army officials. After Bus Diplomacy, this activity of Pakistan joggled Indian leaders. Though it was not uncertain too because India faced many unexpected terror attacks sponsored by Pakistan. Our armed forces responded promptly. All the three fronts of forces came together and launched Operation Vijay(Army), Operation Talwar(Navy) and Operation Safed Sagar(Air Force).


On May 1999, Kargil war started. The Pakistani troops were settled at the peaks of the Kargil region and this gave them the strategical advantage. On the other hand, Indian soldiers with the help of Mountain Division climbed the peaks having 80° steep inclination. Though it was very difficult to climb such a steep height. But our sepoys showed extravagant skills.

So, the Indian army started its campaign on 12th June 1999,  In Mushkoh Valley, Indian forces defeated Pakistani troops. On 13th June 1999, Tololing was recaptured. The journey of Indian troops continued in spite of difficulties; the Naga Regiment, Rajputana Rifles, 1/11 Gorkha Regiment, Jat Regiment and 13 Jammu & Kashmir Rifles showed their splendid valour.

Pakistani troops detonated Indian Aircrafts and we lost many soldiers. So, in response, under Operation Safed Sagar, Air Force did Air Strikes, whereas 30 Naval Ships, under the Operation Talwar parked in the Arabian Sea to block the oil supply at Karachi port.

Finally, on 4th July 1999, 13 Jammu & Kashmir Rifles led by the Captain Vikram Batra hoisted the tricolour flag on the Tiger Hill and went for the next expedition to recapture peak 4875. Finally, with the ultimate sacrifice of our sepoys, we were victorious. So, the whole country celebrated the joy of the victory and the martyrs joined us from the sky abode.


On 26th July 1999 (Kargil Vijay Diwas), cease fire took place. Pakistani troops retreated from the Line of Control due to international pressure. Therefore, status quo was maintained. Finally, the world powers criticised the act of Pakistan’s Military General Parvez Musharraf and hailed the Indian response.

Every war brings the economic, political and military crisis. So, Kargil war was not an exception, it changed the political dynamics in the Pakistan and coup happened. Therefore, Parvez Musharaf dethroned Nawaz Sharif and became the president of Pakistan.

A number of Indian Sepoys earned gallantry awards. Param Vir Chakra was given to Grenadier Yogendra Singh Yadav, Lieutenant Manoj Kumar Pandey (Posthumous), Captain Vikram Batra (Posthumous), Rifleman Sanjay Kumar. India won the war and the valour of every Indian soldier was incredible.

Either I will come back after hoisting the Tricolour or I will come back wrapped in it, but I will be back for sure.”- Captain Vikram Batra.


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