In the previous post, we have read about the Swaraj Party. Swarajists entered the legislature to have changes in the system. Whereas, the other group Gandhiates, ie stunch followers of Gandhi did not change their method. They were commonly called as No-Changers or Gandhiates.
Gandhiate or No-Changers
Dr Rajendra Prasad, Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel and Jawaharlal Nehru led the group of Gandhiates or No-Changers. Because their objective was to move people and promote creative programmes among masses. They gave emphasis to education and prepared the ground for the next phase of freedom struggle in India.
Gandhiates were of the opinion that power corrupts the people. So, initially, they barred from the legislative assemblies. But by taking inspiration from their counterparts Swarajists they participated in the municipal election of 1924.
Gandhiates wanted to prepare the people for the next phase of the freedom struggle. They worked to awaken masses through their active involvement with the masses. They were facing the new challenge of rising communism in India. The year 1924 to 1930 was the Golden era of Communism in India.
Works of Gandhiate
Gandhiate promoted National Education. Wardha Commission came to evaluate the Education system. So, its recommendations gave emphasis to the primary education. All India Khadi Board was established in 1924. Gandhiates stood against the Casticism and Communalism in India. Therefore, they maintained the stream of freedom struggle by preparing people for future struggle.
For the first time in India, two opposite groups Swarajists and Gandhiates united and became complementary to each other. On the one side, Swarajists exposed the government to the people. On the other side, Gandhiates prepared the people for future freedom struggle.
Gandhi played a very important role in this. So, he became the president of Indian National Congress Belgaum Session in 1924. Here, Gandhi also declared Swarajists as true nationalists. Although, Congress came out the internal trouble. But still, 1924 proved a paradigm shift in the Indian National Freedom Movement.
So, this gave the birth to the Second Phase of Revolutionary Nationalism. The most chivalry phase of Indian Freedom Struggle. In the next coming post, we shall discuss the second phase of revolutionary nationalism.
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