Conquest of Bengal: Battle of Plassey,1757

We have read in the previous post that British East India Company attacked the French establishment. It was an attack on the sovereignty of the authority of Nawab Siraj-ud-Daula. So, the war became a necessary solution for Nawab to get rid of the Britishers. So, at Plassey in 1757, the army of Nawab and British army fought a Battle. It was the Battle of Plassey.

Battle of Plassey

In this battle except for Mir Madan and Mir Mohan, none of the generals of Siraj-ud-Daula seriously fought. Actually, the commander-in-chief Mir Zafar became the traitor. He acted as Jackal of Robert Clive. So, he played a crucial role in the victory of British East India Company.

Battle of Plassey,1757
Battle of Plassey, 1757

Mir Zafar manipulated Siraj-ud-Daula and took him out of the Battle of Plassey field. This was a blunder done by Siraj. Because leaving the battle field by the King meant the surrender of the army. After this Nawab’s army immediately surrendered to East India Company. It was actually a war between a well trained and feudal army. Britishers were far better than the Indians in this war.

It was actually a war between a well trained and feudal army. Britishers were far better than the Indians in this war. Britishers were well equipped with the latest arms and ammunitions. Whereas the Nawab’s army was holding traditional weapons.

Role of Mir Zafar in Battle of Plassey

Mir Zafar’s son Miran escorted Siraj. Miran said to Siraj to take him to the safe destination. But later on deceived and killed him. After this battle of Plassey, East India Company appointed Mir Zafar as a Nawab of Bengal. Though the death casualties in this battle were 500 from the side of Nawab and approximately 100 from the side of the company.

Establishment of Authority of British Power
Establishment of Authority of British Power

So, on this basis Battle of Plassey was a skirmish. Plassey proved to be a turning point for Indian History. It was the beginning of Modern Era in the real sense because of the beginning of British rule in India. Mir Zafar was very helpful to East India Company as he gave all type of help. So, he also promised to cooperate and give assistance in future.

Mir Zafar proved to be Golden Bag for East India Company. So, whenever company was in need they took money from Mir Zafar. In 1760, Mir Zafar was exhausted and as he showed his helplessness to fulfil the demands of the company he got replaced by Mir Qasim in 1760.

We will read about Mir Qasim and Battle of Buxar in the next coming post.

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